THIS is the processing time for Form I-485 at USCIS [2022] (2023) (2023)

At a glance:The entire Form I-485 process typically takes 8-14 months from the time of filing, but there are important steps along the way that you should be aware of.

Adjusting status to a lawful permanent resident of the United States is a big step! OFormula I-485Processing time is long and waiting can be difficult. You're probably curious what happens after you submit your Form I-485 and how long it will take to get your green card.

To help you through the process, we've outlined the Form I-485 processing time and what to expect below.


Form I-485 processing time explained

The process of obtaining a green card is notoriously long and tedious. Especially if you havefiled an I-130 for your relativetherefore.

Many steps occur after you submit your Form I-485. Each of these steps has an associated processing time that causes a delay. Understanding the Form I-485 process and why it takes so long can make waiting for your green card a little easier.

Let's take a look at each step of the process that takes place after you submit your green card application.

What happens after I submit the I-485 form?

Let's take a look at the various steps that often cause a long I-485 processing time:

Your application has been received

What is the first thing to expect after correctly submitting Form I-485? The first notice you receive from the USCIS is an application receipt notice. formally known asForm I-797C Notice of Action, confirmation of receipt usually arrives 2-3 weeks after shipment.

Your acknowledgment of receipt is an important document. It contains the 10-digit receipt number. You canUse this receipt number to check the status of your case..

(Video) Form I-485 Processing Time | Updated September 2022

If you have not received your complaint within the first month of filing, you must submit a case investigation.

Alternatively, if you have not filed your Form I-485 correctly, the USCIS will do one of two things:

  • They will either send you a rejection notice of your application or
  • USCIS may submit a request for evidence requesting additional items.

Both will significantly delay your order.

Your biometrics appointment is scheduled

You will then receive an appointment notification assigning the date, time and location of your biometric appointment. Appointment notification for your biometrics appointment should arrive approximately 3-5 weeks after submission.

Your biometric appointment is a normal part of the background check that all applicants go through. USCIS requires applicants to have fingerprints in order to complete a security clearance and criminal background check.

It's best to show up for your biometrics appointment at the agreed date and time. However, it is possible to reschedule a USCIS biometrics appointment if needed. The location for your biometrics appointment is usually the nearest USCIS Application Support Center.

You participate in your biometric appointment

On the scheduled date and time, you mustAttend your biometrics appointment. This usually happens around 5-8 weeks after submission.

The biometrics consultation is usually short – it should last around 30 minutes. This is not an interview. The purpose of the appointment is only to collect your biometric data.

To get to the biometric appointment, you must present an official photo ID. Please remember to bring your passport, driver's license, military ID with photo, or official government-issued photo ID to the appointment.

You will receive your EAD card

if you sent tooFormula I-765EFormula I-131As part of adjusting your status package, you will receive an Employment Authorization Document (EAD). Your EAD card should arrive 12-16 weeks after shipment.

Your EAD card serves as a work permit. If you applied for a work permit and travel documents for early parole, both documents are usually combined into a single combined card.

It is useful to have a copy of your EAD card. Make a photocopy of both sides of the card and keep it in a safe place.

(Video) Form I-485 Processing Time | March 2022 update

You will receive your invitation to an interview

Approximately 4-10 months after submission, you will receive an invitation to participate in an adjustment of status interview. The interview notice will be mailed as another Form I-797, Notice of Action.

Interviews are a normal part of the process. Your case type will influence your interview decision, but sending a well-prepared accommodation package with all the necessary documentation will increase your chances.

OStatus call customizationit will be held at a USCIS facility near you and will likely take less than 30 minutes.

You attend your adjustment of status interview

Your adjustment of status interview will take place between 6 and 12 months after you submit Form I-485.

Your interview notification contains a complete list of items to bring to the interview. If anything is out of date (for example, new address or new employer), bring the updated information with you to the interview.

You must have at hand:

  • A completed copy of your immigration application and status application adjustments.
  • Originals of all documents filed with the USCIS, such as birth and marriage certificates.
  • your EAD card.
  • Your passport, which contains the nonimmigrant visa you used to enter the United States

You get permanent residency

Form I-485 processing time ends when you obtain permanent residency. This usually takes 8-14 months after submission.

If your application is approved, USCIS will mail your green card shortly after your adjustment of status interview. Once you get your green card, you no longer need the EAD card. As a permanent resident, you have the right to travel and return outside the United States with a valid Green Card. You can also use the card as proof of your US work permit.

Once your change of status application is approved, you can ask the USCIS office to affix an “I-551” stamp to your passport. This is temporary proof that you are a permanent resident and valid for re-entry at a US port of entry.

If you have not received your green card in the mail, you can submit a case inquiry.

Frequently Asked Questions about Form I-485 Processing Time

Can I remain in the US while my I-485 is processed?

You have the right to remain in the United States while your application is pending.

You have two options while your I-485 is being processed. First, you can fulfill your current visa obligations until the USCIS approves your permanent residency. If the USCIS denies your I-485 application, you can usually revert to your nonimmigrant status.

(Video) Form I-485 Processing Time | Update in October 2022

The other option is to pretend you have permanent residency during Form I-485 processing time. However, if the USCIS denies the I-485 application, you may be forced to leave the United States immediately.

Can I work if the I-485 is pending?

To work in the US, you need a work permit. If you are currently in the United States on a work visa, you can continue to work while your I-485 is processed. If you do not have a valid work permit, you must wait for your EAD card to be issued in the I-485 application process.

What are the odds of an I-485 denial?

Some statistics suggest that up to 11% of Form I-485 applications are rejected. A poorly prepared application can also delay the approval process and even lead to significant immigration issues.

What happens if the I-485 is denied?

SeIf Your I-485 Is Rejected, You Have a Few Options:

  • Submit a review/reopen request –If you have new information that could change the outcome of the case, you can reopen your green card application.
  • Recourse to AAO –If you make a complaint, your case officer will take over your case and another case officer will be asked to review your application.
  • Resend Form I-485 –If you have another legal status that allows you to remain in the US despite being denied, you can resubmit the application and start over to build a stronger case from the beginning.
  • Ask an Immigration Judge to Reconsider Your I-485 -You can take your case to an immigration judge. When all the evidence is presented, the judge will make his decision and, if all goes well, he may decide to approve your application and allow you to receive a green card. If your case is weak, you risk deportation.

keep reading

  • How do I speak to a live person at USCIS?
  • How many citizenships can you have?
  • How do I know which USCIS Service Center?
  • How do I know if USCIS has received my application?
  • What "country of residence" and how to know your country if you have a visa
  • How to check Dropbox eligibility using the app


The long processing time of the I-485 is something every green card holder has experienced. Each step of the process takes time. Prepare for a long process, understand the details of each step and be patient while waiting for your green card. The wait will be worth it in the end.

>> Read more:Green card processing times

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(Video) Form I-485 | Register permanent residency or adjust status 2023 | Form i-485 Processing Time and Fee

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Frank Gogol

I firmly believe that information is the key to financial freedom. At the Stilt Blog, I write about complex topics — like finance, immigration and technology — to help immigrants get the most out of life in the United States. Our content and brand has been featured in Forbes, TechCrunch, VentureBeat and others.

(Vídeo) 2021 Green Card Schedule Form I-485

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